Research reveals interesting facts about 4,000 year-old Egyptian mummies of ‘Two Brothers’

Research reveals interesting facts about 4,000 year-old Egyptian mummies of ‘Two Brothers’

A new research has revealed that 4,000 year old Egyptian mummies had same mother but different fathers. The mummies were earlier thought to be of two brothers. The site of mummies was found by an excavator named Erfai in 1907. The untouched tomb had two mummies of high-society men named, Khnum-Nakht and Nakht-Ankh. They were placed next to each other.

The mummies were found nearly 250 miles south of Cairo at Deir Rifeh. After checking the Hieroglyphs in detail, earlier research revealed that they were born to Khnum-aa. The burial site has been named “the tomb of the two brothers.” Over the years, researchers have doubted fraternal relationship of two brothers. Egyptologists have debated over the relationship of these two mummies since they were discovered.

Scientists from the University of Manchester have conducted a DNA analysis of mummies. They have now revealed that mummies had different fathers. DNA analysis was conducted on DNA extracted from teeth of mummies. Research also reveals that there was nearly 20 year age gap between half-brothers.

Study author Konstantina Drosou, a University of Manchester geneticist, said, “We have solid genetic proof that backs up the hieroglyphics, which define the brothers by their mother's name and not the father's name.”

Drosou added, “Because we recovered nearly complete mitochondrial DNA profiles, we can be very confident that they are maternally related. Data from Y chromosomes, however, were spottier. But the information was complete enough to indicate that these men probably had different fathers. Comparisons between six regions of the Y chromosome indicate that possibly they have a different father.”

Since 1908, the mummies have been on display in Britain, in the Manchester Museum. Campbell Price, the curator of Egypt at the Manchester Museum worked with the current research team for the study. Price added, “Khnum-Nakht and Nakht-Ankh were not royalty. Each was the son of a local governor, according to the hieroglyphics. A governor was basically the headman of the local town, making them elite.”